Main     Study 9N41 by Richard Pavlicek    

Ruff

A ruff is simply the play of a trump when unable to follow to the suit led, which might be considered the name of the game at suit contracts. This category also includes elopement and trump promotion (overruff or uppercut) since a ruff is always involved. (Trump coups and endplays are covered separately.) About the Techniques

1. Plain ruff

S win 1
auto
S 2
H 3
D
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
D 2!
2nd
H K
3rd
S 2
4th
A
S
H A K
D
C
Table S A
H
D A
C
South leads S
H 2
D 2
C


2. Overruff

S win 2
auto
S Q
H
D 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H 2
2nd
S 10
3rd
S Q
4th
S J 10
H
D
C
Table S K
H A
D
C
South leads S A
H 2
D
C


3. Establishment ruff

S win 3
auto
S 2
H
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H J!
2nd
A
3rd
S 2
4th
K
S
H A
D K Q
C
Table S
H K
D J 10
C
South leads S
H Q J
D A
C


4. High ruff

S win 2
auto bi
S J 9
H
D 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H 2
2nd
A
3rd
S J!
4th
S A 6
H A
D
C
Table S 10 8 7
H
D
C
South leads S K Q
H 2
D
C


5. Discard ruff

S win 3
auto
S Q
H
D 2
C 2
Trick
1. S
2. S
Lead
H A!
D 3
2nd
2
K
3rd
D 2!
S Q
4th
3
S
H 2
D K
C A
Table S K
H 3
D A
C
South leads S A
H A
D 3
C


6. Transfer ruff

S win 2
auto bi?
S Q
H
D 2
C 2
Trick
1. S
Lead
H K!
2nd
A
3rd
D 2!
4th
D J
S
H A
D K Q
C
Table S K
H
D A J
C
South leads S A
H K
D 3
C


7. Crossruff

S win 2
auto bi
S 2
H 2
D
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
D 2!
2nd
H K
3rd
S 2
4th
K
S
H A K
D
C
Table S
H
D A K
C
South leads S 3
H
D 2
C


8. High crossruff

S win 2
auto bi
S K
H 2
D
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
D 2
2nd
S J
3rd
S K
4th
S Q J
H
D
C
Table S 10 9
H
D
C
South leads S A
H
D 2
C


9. Overruff crossruff

S win 4
bi
S K 10
H
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
Lead
H A!
D 2
2nd
S 7
S 9
3rd
S 10
S J
4th
J
4
S Q 8 7
H
D 4
C
Table S 9
H K Q J
D
C
South leads S A J
H A 2
D
C


10. High ruff finesse

S win 4
auto?
S A 2
H
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
Lead
H 2
S 2
2nd
A
9
3rd
S A!
J
4th
D 4
S
H A
D 7 6 5
C
Table S Q 9
H
D A 4
C
South leads S K J
H K 2
D
C

Auto case becomes high crossruff instead.


11. Elopement

S win 1
S K
H
D 3
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H 2!
2nd
D A
3rd
S K
4th
S A
H
D A
C
Table S
H A K
D
C
South leads S
H 2
D 2
C


12. Establishment or plain ruff

S win 2
S
H K
D A 4
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
D 2!
2nd 3rd 4th
S A
H A
D
C 3
Table S
H
D K Q J
C
South leads S 2
H
D 3 2
C


13. Elopement finesse

S win 2
S A J
H
D 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H 2!
2nd
S Q
3rd
D 2!
4th
S K Q 10
H
D
C
Table S
H A K
D A
C
South leads S
H 2
D 4 3
C


14. Crossruff or establishment

S win 2
bi
S 2
H K Q
D
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
Lead
C 2
H Q
2nd
D 2
2
3rd
S 2
S 3
4th
K
S A
H A
D 2
C
Table S
H 2
D
C A K
South leads S 3
H
D
C 3 2


15. Crossruff elopement

S win 3
S K 3
H 3
D K
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. S
Lead
C 2!
D K
C 3!
2nd
H K
2
3rd
S 3
S 2
4th
A
A
S A
H A K
D A
C
Table S Q
H 4
D 2
C A
South leads S 2
H 2
D
C 3 2


16. Trump control recovery or elopement

S win 2
bi
S K
H A
D 3
C
Trick
1. S
2. S
Lead
C A!
H 2!
2nd
D 2
3rd
H A!
4th
H Q
S A Q
H
D 2
C
Table S
H K Q
D A
C
South leads S 2
H 2
D
C A


17. Establishment control or plain ruff

S win 2
auto bi
S
H 5 4
D 4 3
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H K!
2nd
A
3rd
4
4th
2
S K Q
H A
D A
C
Table S J
H 3 2
D 2
C
South leads S A 2
H K Q
D
C


18. Establishment control or repeat elopement

S win 3
S K 4
H
D 2
C 2
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. S
Lead
H 2!
C 2!
H K!
2nd
D 3
A
3rd
S 4
S 2
4th
A
3
S A Q
H
D 3
C 3
Table S J
H A
D A
C A
South leads S 3 2
H K 2
D
C


19. High ruff elopement or trump control

S win 4
auto bi?
S A 3
H
D 3 2
C A 2
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. E
4. S
Lead
H 2
C A!
D A
H K!
2nd
A
S 10
S 2
D 5
3rd
S A!
H 3
4
D 3
4th
D Q
Q
2
S
H A
D 6 5 4
C K Q
Table S Q J 10
H
D A K Q
C
South leads S K 2
H K 4 3 2
D
C

Auto case allows simpler crossruff alternative.


20. Uppercut

S win 1
auto bi
S K
H
D 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H A
2nd
2
3rd
S K!
4th
S A
S
H 2
D A
C
Table S A J
H
D
C
South leads S Q
H A
D
C

Auto case is overruff trump promotion.


21. Trump separation ruff

S win 2
auto bi
S A
H
D 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H A
2nd
2
3rd
S A!
4th
S
H 2
D A
C
Table S Q J
H
D
C
South leads S K
H A
D
C


22. Secondary uppercut

S win 1
auto bi
S 9 2
H
D 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H A
2nd
2
3rd
S 9!
4th
S J
S A 8
H 2
D
C
Table S Q J 7
H
D
C
South leads S K 10
H A
D
C

Auto case trivial with S K a natural trick.


23. Intra uppercut

S win 1
auto
S K 7 4
H
D 4 3
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H A!
2nd
2
3rd
S 7!
4th
S 10
S Q 5
H 2
D A 6
C
Table S A J 10 6
H
D 5
C
South leads S 9 3 2
H A
D 2
C

Auto case trivial with S K a natural trick.


24. High crossruff uppercut

S win 3
auto bi
S K J
H
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. S
Lead
H 2
D 2
H 3
2nd
K
A
S 7
3rd
S K!
S A!
S J
4th
D K
H A
S 8 7
H A K
D
C
Table S Q 9
H
D A K
C
South leads S A 10
H 3 2
D
C

Auto case wins 4 tricks with safe crossruff.


25. Overruff crossruff uppercut

S win 4
bi
S K 9 7
H 3 2
D
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. S
4. N
Lead
D 2
H 2
D 3
H 3
2nd
S J
D 6
S 6
S 3
3rd
S K
S A!
S 7
S 10
4th
5
S 5
S 2
S Q J 8 6 5
H
D
C
Table S 4 3 2
H
D 6 5
C
South leads S A 10
H
D 4 3 2
C

Alternative is to pitch from North at Trick 1.


26. Uppercut or trump control recovery

S win 2
auto bi
S K J
H 2
D
C A
Trick
1. W
2. N
Lead
D 2
C A!
2nd
S K!
S 9
3rd
H K
S 10
4th
Q
S A
S A
H
D 4 3 2
C
Table S Q 9
H A K
D
C
West leads S 10
H
D A K Q
C

Auto/bi cases trivial.


27. Uppercut control or elopement

S win 2
auto
S K 2
H
D
C 2
Trick
1. S
Lead
H A
2nd
2
3rd
S K!
4th
S
H 3 2
D
C A
Table S A J
H
D A
C
South leads S Q
H A K
D
C


28. Overruff trump promotion

S win 1
S K
H
D 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H A!
2nd
S Q
3rd
S K
4th
S A Q
H
D
C
Table S 4 3
H
D
C
South leads S 2
H A
D
C


29. Discard trump promotion

S win 2
S A J
H
D 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H A!
2nd
S K
3rd
D 2!
4th
S K Q 10
H
D
C
Table S 9 8
H 2
D
C
South leads S 3 2
H A
D
C


30. Overruff or discard trump promotion

S win 1
auto
S K 10
H
D 2
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H A!
2nd
S 9
3rd
S 10
4th
S A
S Q J 9
H
D
C
Table S A 8 4
H
D
C
South leads S 3 2
H A
D
C

Auto case trivial with S K a natural trick.


31. Repeat discard trump promotion

S win 3
S K 8 2
H
D 4 3
C
Trick
1. S
2. W
3. S
Lead
H A
S J
H K
2nd
S Q
2
S 10
3rd
D 3!
4
D 4!
4th
2
A
S Q J 10 9 7
H
D
C
Table S 6 5 4
H 3 2
D
C
South leads S A 3
H A K
D 2
C


32. Uppercut overruff promotion

S win 2
auto bi
S A 9 4
H
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. E
3. N
Lead
H K
S K
D 2!
2nd
2
2
3rd
S 9!
H 3
4th
S 10
A
S
H 4 3 2
D 5 4
C
Table S K Q J 10 7
H
D
C
South leads S 8 3 2
H A K
D
C

Same if West leads, but not East in auto case.


33. Trump separation overruff promotion

S win 3
bi
S A
H
D 4 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
Lead
H K
D 2
2nd
2
S Q
3rd
S A!
H A!
4th
S 8
S
H 3 2
D 6 5
C
Table S Q J 9 8
H
D
C
South leads S K 10
H A K
D
C

Same would occur if West were on lead.


34. Underruff trump promotion

S win 1
auto
S K 7 6
H
D
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
H A!
2nd
S Q
3rd
S 6!
4th
S 8
S Q J 5
H
D
C
Table S A 9 8
H
D
C
South leads S 10 2
H A
D
C

Auto case trivial with S K a natural trick.


35. Underruff elopement

S win 3
S Q J
H A K
D
C
Trick
1. W
2. N
3. S
Lead
D K
H K
C 2
2nd
S J
3
3rd
H 2
S A
4th
S 6!
S 9
S K 10 9
H
D K
C
Table S 8
H 3 2
D
C A
West leads S A 7 6
H
D
C 2


36. Trump control or crossruff duck

S win 4
auto
S Q J 10
H
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. W
Lead
S K
2nd
10
3rd
4
4th
7!
S K 9 6
H
D
C A K
Table S 5 4
H
D A K
C 2
West leads S A 8 7
H A K
D
C

In auto case duck is not necessary but OK.


37. Trump control overruff

S win 3
S K
H
D 4 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. S
Lead
H A!
D 2
H K
2nd
S J
5
3rd
S K
S 2
4th
2
K
S A J
H
D A K
C
Table S
H 3 2
D 6 5
C
South leads S Q 2
H A K
D
C


38. Trump control double overruff

S win 3
S K
H
D A K 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. S
Lead
H A!
D A!
S 2!
2nd
S 9
S 10
3rd
S K
S Q
4th
2
3
S A 9
H
D 4 3
C
Table S J 10
H 3 2
D
C
South leads S Q 2
H A K
D
C


39. Trump control force or elopement

S win 3
auto
S 10 3
H
D 4 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. W
3. S
Lead
H A!
S K
H K
2nd
S J
3
S Q
3rd
D 2
8
D 3
4th
2
A
3
S K Q J
H
D A K
C
Table S 9 8
H 3 2
D 5
C
South leads S A 2
H A K Q
D
C


40. Overtake ruff trump promotion

S win 4
bi
S J 10
H
D 4 3 2
C
Trick
1. W
2. S
3. N
Lead
S 2
H 2
D 2
2nd
10
A
S Q
3rd
6
S J
H 3!
4th
K!
4
S 5 4 3 2
H A
D
C
Table S Q 9 7 6
H 4
D
C
West leads S A K 8
H 3 2
D
C


41. Elopement or trump control

S win 3
auto?
S A 2
H
D 2
C A
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. S
Lead
S Q!
D 2!
H 3
2nd
K
A
3rd
A
S 10
4th
9
H K
S K 8
H A K
D
C
Table S J 9
H 2
D A
C
South leads S Q 10
H 4 3
D
C

Assumes S K location known.


42. Crossruff or trump control establishment

S win 5
S A Q 3
H
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. S
4. N
Lead
H 2!
D 2
H 3
S 3!
2nd
S 8
4
S 9
3rd
S Q
S 2
S A
4th
K
K
A
S 10 9 8
H
D A K
C
Table S J
H A K
D 5 4
C
South leads S K 2
H Q 3 2
D
C


43. Ruff management tempo duck

S win 5
auto bi
S 3 2
H 4 3 2
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. E
3. S
4. S
Lead
H 5!
H 7
S A!
H K
2nd
8
A
J
3rd
2
J
2
4th
9
3
Q
S J
H J 8
D A Q J 10
C
Table S K Q
H Q 10 9 7
D K
C
South leads S A 10 9
H A K 6 5
D
C


44. Evasive cash order for telescoping ruff

S win 5
bi
S 2
H Q 3 2
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. S
3. N
4. S
Lead
H A!
H 4
H 3!
H 5
2nd
6
7
D Q
9
3rd
2
Q
K
S 2
4th
10
J
8
S Q
S J
H 9 8 7 6
D A
C
Table S K Q
H J 10
D K Q
C
South leads S A 10
H A K 5 4
D
C


45. Ensured ruff or establishment

S win 4
auto
S A Q J 10
H J 4 3
D
C
Trick
1. S
2. E
3. N
4. W
Lead
H 2!
S 6
H 3
S 5
2nd
8
2
7
A!
3rd
J
4
Q
4th
K
10
A
S 5 4
H A 10 8
D A K
C
Table S K 8 7 6
H K 9 7
D
C
South leads S 9 3 2
H Q 2
D 3 2
C

Note that leading H Q fails.


46. Ruff-enabled whipsaw establishment

S win 6
S
H Q 3 2
D A
C K 3 2
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. N
4. S
5. N
Lead
H 4!
D A
C 2
C 5
C 3
2nd
9
3
7
J
3rd
Q
H K!
A
K
4th
7
2
4
8
S
H A J 10 9
D 2
C J 4
Table S
H 8 7
D 3
C Q 9 8 7
South leads S A
H K 4
D
C A 10 6 5


47. Entry jettison ruffout

S win 4
S A
H
D A 3
C 3 2
Trick
1. S
2. S
3. N
Lead
H A
H J
D 3
2nd
Q
K
3rd
D A!
S A
4th
8
9
S
H K Q
D 4
C A K
Table S
H 9 8
D K J 10
C
South leads S
H A J 10
D Q 2
C


48. Jettison-threat ruff-protected establishment

S win 5
auto bi
S K
H K Q J 10
D
C A
Trick
1. S
2. E
3. N
4. S
Lead
H 8!
D K
C A
S A
2nd
4
2
3
3rd
10
4
S 2!
4th
A
S K
2
S Q
H 5 4
D 5 4
C 2
Table S
H A 7 6
D A K
C 3
South leads S A 2
H 9 8
D 3 2
C

If East holds up H A, he loses it.


TopMain

Anti ruff

49. elayed ruff anti trump promotion

S win 3
auto bi
S K Q J 9
H 3
D
C
Trick
1. W
Lead
D K
2nd
H 3!
3rd 4th
S 5 4
H A
D A K
C
Table S A 10
H 6 5 4
D
C
West leads S 3 2
H 2
D 3 2
C


50. Trump sacrifice anti elopement

S win 2
bi
S 2
H J 10 9
D A K
C
Trick
1. S
Lead
S K!
2nd
10
3rd
2
4th
A
S Q J 10
H
D 5 4 3
C
Table S A 8 7
H 4 3 2
D
C
South leads S K 9
H A K Q
D 2
C


51. Hop anti high crossruff

S win 2
bi
S A 3 2
H
D A K 3
C
Trick
1. W
2. N
Lead
S 6
S 2!
2nd
A!
J
3rd
10
H 10
4th
Q
7
S 9 8 7 6
H
D 5 4
C
Table S K J 10
H A 3 2
D
C
West leads S Q
H K Q J 10
D 2
C


52. Overruff anti trump promotion

S win 3
bi
S
H A 3
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. S
Lead
H 2!
H 3!
S 9
2nd
8
S J
3rd
A
S Q
4th
4
9
S 10 2
H 9 8
D
C
Table S A J
H 4
D A
C
South leads S K Q 9
H 2
D
C


53. Elopement anti trump promotion

S win 4
auto
S J 2
H 2
D 3 2
C
Trick
1. S
2. N
Lead
C A!
H 2!
2nd
4
3rd
S 2!
4th
2
S 10 9 6
H A
D
C 4
Table S A 7
H
D A
C 3 2
South leads S K Q 8 5
H
D
C A

Elopement not needed in auto case, but it works.


54. Ruff refusal anti crossruff

S win 3
auto bi
S A 2
H
D A K 6 5
C
Trick
1. W
2. E
3. S
4. N
Lead
H 2
H 9
S 3!
S 2
2nd
D 5!
Q
J
3rd
A
3
A
4th
10
D 6
9
S Q J
H 3 2
D 4 3
C
Table S K 10 9
H A J 9
D
C
West leads S 4 3
H K Q 10
D 2
C

Auto/bi cases trivial.


55. High ruff refusal anti crossruff

S win 2
auto bi
S A
H
D A K
C
Trick
1. W
2. W
Lead
H A
H K
2nd
D K!
D A!
3rd
4
5
4th
2
S 2
S Q
H A K
D
C
Table S K
H 5 4
D
C
West leads S 2
H 2
D 2
C


56. Option kill anti trump control or elopement

S win 3
auto bi
S J 10
H 3
D K 10
C A K
Trick
1. S
Lead
D 4!
2nd
J
3rd
K!
4th
A
S A 4 3
H K Q
D Q J
C
Table S 2
H 2
D A 2
C 4 3 2
South leads S K Q
H A
D 4 3
C Q J

Auto case wins 4 tricks with D K behind ace.


57. Trump sacrifice anti elopement

S win 2
bi?
S K 8
H A K
D
C
Trick
1. W
Lead
S Q
2nd
8!
3rd 4th
S Q 9
H 4 3
D
C
Table S A 2
H
D 3 2
C
West leads S J 10
H 2
D A
C


58. Communication break anti ruff

S win 4
auto bi
S 8 7 6 5
H 3 2
D 3
C
Trick
1. S
2. W
3. S
Lead
D 2!
H 8
S Q
2nd
A
2
3rd
3
4
4th
4
A
S 3 2
H 8 7 6 5
D A
C
Table S A K 4
H 4
D K 5 4
C
South leads S Q J 10 9
H A K
D 2
C


59. Elimination anti ruff benefit

S win 5
auto
S K Q J
H 2
D
C 4 3 2
Trick
1. S
2. N
3. E
Lead
D 2!
S K
H 3
2nd
4
A
A
3rd
S J
8
S 3
4th
3
2
2
S 3 2
H
D A 5 4
C K 5
Table S A
H 4 3
D 3
C 8 7 6
South leads S 10 9 8
H A
D 2
C A Q

Auto case trivial with C A-Q over king.

TopMain

© 2013 Richard Pavlicek