Main     Structure 7G65 by Richard Pavlicek    

Modified Puppet Stayman

In a Nutshell

Main objective is not to reveal the shape of the concealed hand (opener) on typical auctions; hence opener must rebid 2 D with or without a 4-card major, then responder (usually dummy) describes. Showing a 5-card major over Stayman is optional; i.e., opener may suppress with notrump-oriented values. Responder’s rebids are artificial and specialized.

TopMain

Details

The 2 C response to 1 NT is a modified version of “puppet” Stayman. Responder must have at least game interest unless he is able to pass opener’s rebid of 2 D, 2 H or 2 S.

West
1 NT
?
North
P
East
2 C
South
P



Call
2 D
2 H, 2 S
Meaning
relay (usually no 5-card major)
5 card suit

West
1 NT
2 D
North
P
P
East
2 C
?
South
P










Call
2 H
2 S
2 NT
3 C
3 D
3 H
3 S
3 NT
4 C
Meaning
exactly 4 spades or no major interest
exactly 4 hearts
4-4 or 5-4 in majors; I
5-4 or 6-4 in majors; GF
4-4 in majors; GF
5+ clubs; no 4 card major; slam try
5+ diamonds; no 4 card major; slam try
sign-off (was looking for 5 card major)
Gerber

Memory aid: After the 2 D relay responder’s next suit bid is always artificial. Note that a 2 H or 2 S bid denies interest in the major bid and denies five cards in the major shown.

West
1 NT
2 D
?
North
P
P
East
2 C
2 M
South
P
P







Call
2 S
2 NT
3 C
3 H
3 S
4 H
Meaning
spade fit*; minimum; NF
no fit; minimum; NF
no fit; maximum
heart fit; minimum; NF
spade fit*; maximum
heart fit; maximum

*if responder has 4 spades

West
1 NT
2 D
?
North
P
P
East
2 C
2 NT
South
P
P







Call
Pass
3 C

3 H, 3 S
3 NT
4 H, 4 S
Meaning
no major fit; minimum
relay; maximum; responder bids shorter
 major (Smolen) or 3 NT with 4-4
that fit; minimum
maximum (no interest in 5-3 fit)
that fit; maximum

West
1 NT
2 D
?
North
P
P
East
2 C
3 C
South
P
P






Call
3 D

3 H, 3 S
3 NT
Meaning
relay; responder then bids shorter major
 (Smolen style)
that fit*
no interest in 5-3 fit; if responder bids
 again it is natural

*If responder has slam interest, he may continue with a minor-suit splinter, opposite major (natural) or key-card Blackwood.

West
1 NT
2 D
Fit
North
P
P
P
East
2 C
2 M
?
South
P
P









Call
2 NT, 3 NT
3 C, 3 D
Unfit major
3 S (fit)
4 C, 4 D
4 H over 2 S
4 fit
4 NT
Meaning
corrective*; NF
5+ cards; slam try
ambiguous slam try
trump-quality concern; I
splinter; slam try
splinter; slam try
sign-off
key-card Blackwood (fit suit key)

*denies spade fit; 3 NT offers choice of game after heart fit

West
1 NT
2 D
No Fit
North
P
P
P
East
2 C
2 M
?
South
P
P







Call
3 C, 3 D
3 H*
3 S
3 NT
4 C over 2 NT
4 NT
Meaning
5+ cards; 4 card major; GF
4 clubs; 4 card major; slam try
4 diamonds; 4 card major; slam try
sign-off
Gerber
quantitative

*If 3 C is not available (i.e., if opener bid 3 C) then 3 H shows 5+ clubs and 4 C shows exactly 4 clubs.

After interference:

All doubles or redoubles by either player are for penalty.

If responder’s L-H-O doubles 2 C or bids 2 D, the structure is unchanged (assuming no further enemy bid). Opener should make his normal rebid or pass, double or redouble. If responder rebids 2 D it is to play (he would have passed 2 D).

If either opponent bids 2 H or higher (after the Stayman 2 C bid), the structure is off and the bidding reverts to a natural style. If opener cannot make his normal rebid, he should pass or double. If responder bids a major suit, he shows 4 cards in that suit (3 H could be both majors after a 3 C or 3 D overcall); this is invitational at 2 S or forcing at the 3 level. Opener may raise, return to notrump, or show the other major if appropriate.

West
1 NT
P/D
North
P
P
East
2 C
?
South
2 H up







Call
2 S
2 NT
3 m
3 M
cue
3 NT
Meaning
4 spades; I
invitational (ambiguous over 2 S)
5+ cards; GF
4 cards; GF
asks for stopper
sign-off

After a 2 NT opening:

The use of puppet Stayman after 2 NT is almost identical to after 1 NT, although any bid that commits the partnership past 3 NT with no assured major fit promises slam interest.

West
2 NT
3 D
North
P
P
East
3 C
?
South
P











Call
3 H
3 S
3 NT
4 C

4 D
4 H
4 S
4 NT
5 C
Meaning
exactly 4 spades or no major interest
exactly 4 hearts
4-4 or 5-4 majors; choice of games; NF
5-4 or 6-4 majors*; slam try (4 D relays
 then shape is shown Smolen style)
4-4 in majors; slam try
5+ clubs; no 4 card major; slam try
5+ diamonds; no 4 card major; slam try
quantitative
Gerber

*With 6-4 majors and no slam interest, responder should just use Texas.

West
2 NT
3 D
?
North
P
P
East
3 C
3 M
South
P
P






Call
3 S
3 NT
4 C

4 H
Meaning
spade fit (if responder has 4 spades)
no fit
heart fit; maximum (responder should
 bid 4 D as transfer to play in 4 H)
heart fit; minimum

West
2 NT
3 D
Fit
North
P
P
P
East
3 C
3 M
?
South
P
P





Call
3 NT
Cheapest suit
Other suit
4 NT
Meaning
sign-off (denies spade fit)
ambiguous; slam try in fit
splinter; slam try
key-card Blackwood (fit suit key)

West
2 NT
3 D
3 NT
North
P
P
P
East
3 C
3 M
?
South
P
P






Call
4 C, 4 D
4 H
4 S
4 NT
5 C
Meaning
5+ cards; 4 card major; slam try
4 clubs; 4 card major; slam try
4 diamonds; 4 card major; slam try
quantitative
Gerber

When opener shows a 5 card major:

West
1 NT
2 M

2 NT
3 M
North
P
P
(or)
P
P
East
2 C
?

3 C
?
South
P


P









Call
2 S
2 NT, 3 M
3 NT, 4 M
other M (3+)
nonjump C or D
jump 4 x
4 NT
5 C
Meaning
4 spades (weak minor, no fit for M); I
natural; I
sign-off
raise of M; slam try
5+ cards (does not deny fit); GF
splinter raise; slam try
quantitative
Gerber

TopMain

© 2013 Richard Pavlicek